Tuesday, April 10, 2007

LPI Exam 101 Detailed Objectives

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Exam 101: Detailed Objectives

This is a required exam for LPI certification Level 1. It covers basic system administration skills that are common across all distributions of Linux.

IMPORTANT INFORMATION: These are the current 101 objectives, which are valid effective 2006-01-01. The 101 exams which are delivered through test centrers all over the world, will reflect these updated objectives for English in early 2006 and all other languages by late 2006/early 2007. Candidates should be prepared to take exams based upon these objectives after 1Q2006.

Each objective is assigned a weighting value. The weights range roughly from 1 to 10 and indicate the relative importance of each objective. Objectives with higher weights will be covered in the exam with more questions.

Maintainer: Dimitrios "Taki" Bogiatzoules, Product Developer

Last modification: 2005-12-31


Topic 101: Hardware & Architecture

1.101.1 Configure Fundamental BIOS Settings

Weight: 1
Description: Candidates should be able to configure fundamental system hardware by making the correct settings in the system BIOS in x86 based hardware.

Key knowledge area(s):Enable and disable integrated peripherals.
Configure systems with or without external peripherals such as keyboards.
Correctly set IRQ, DMA and I/O addresses for all BIOS administrated ports and settings for error handling.


The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:/proc/ioports
/proc/interrupts
/proc/dma
/proc/pci


1.101.3 Configure Modem and Sound cards

Weight: 1
Description: Candidates should be able to configure modem and soundcard settings.

Key knowledge area(s):Ensure devices meet compatibility requirements (particularly that the modem is not an unsupported win-modem).
Verify that correct resources are used by the cards.
Configure modem for outbound dial-up.
Set serial port speeds.


The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:/proc/dma
/proc/interrupts
/proc/ioports
/proc/pci
lspci
lsusb


1.101.4 Setup non-IDE Devices

Weight: 1
Description: Candidates should be able to configure non-IDE devices as SCSI, SATA, USB drives using the special BIOS as well as the necessary Linux tools.

Key knowledge area(s):Differentiate between the various types of non-IDE devices.
Manipulate BIOS to detect used and available SCSI IDs.
Set the correct hardware ID for different devices, especially the boot device.
Configure BIOS settings to control the boot sequence when both non-IDE and IDE devices are present .


The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:SCSI ID
/proc/scsi/
scsi_info


1.101.5 Setup different PC expansion cards

Weight: 3
Description: Candidates should be able to configure various cards for the various expansion slots.

Key knowledge area(s):Know the differences between coldplug and hotplug devices.
Determine hardware recources for devices.


The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:The appropriate subdirectories of /proc
hotplug configuration files, terms and utilities
lspci
lsusb


1.101.6 Configure Communication Devices

Weight: 1

Description: Candidates should be able to install and configure different internal and external communication devices like modems, ISDN adapters and DSL modems.

Key knowledge area(s):Verification of compatibility requirements (such as the modem is not a winmodem).
Correctly set IRQs, DMAs and I/O Ports of the cards to avoid conflicts between devices.
Load and configure suitable device drivers.
Set serial port speed.
Setup modem for outbound PPP connections.


The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:/proc/dma
/proc/interrupts
/proc/ioports
setserial


1.101.7 Configure USB devices

Weight: 1
Description: Candidates should be able to activate USB support, use and configure different USB devices.

Key knowledge area(s):Identify and load the correct USB driver module.
Demonstrate knowledge of the USB layer architecture and the modules used in the different layers.


The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:lspci
xHCI modules
lsusb
/etc/usbmgr/
usbmodules
/etc/hotplug
udev configuration files, utilities and documentation


Topic 102: Linux Installation & Package Management
1.102.1 Design hard disk layout

Weight: 5

Description: Candidates should be able to design a disk partitioning scheme for a Linux system.

Key knowledge area(s):Allocate filesystems and swap space to separate partitions or disks.
Tailor the design to the intended use of the system.
Ensure the /boot partition conforms to the BIOS requirements for booting.


The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:/ (root) filesystem
/var filesystem
/home filesystem
swap space
mount points
partitions


1.102.2 Install a boot manager

Weight: 1

Description: Candidates should be able to select, install and configure a boot manager.

Key knowledge area(s):Providing alternative boot locations and backup boot options (for example, using a boot floppy or a bootable CDROM).
Install and configure a boot loader such as GRUB or LILO.
Interact with the boot loader.


The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:/boot/grub/grub.conf
/boot/grub/menu.lst
grub-install
MBR
superblock
first stage boot loader
/etc/lilo.conf
lilo


1.102.3 Make and install programs from source

Weight: 5

Description: Candidates should be able to build and install an executable program from source. This objective includes being able to unpack a file of sources. Candidates should be able to make simple customizations to the Makefile, for example changing paths or adding extra include directories, either in the raw Makefile or using the configure tools.

Key knowledge area(s):Unpack a file of sources using typical compression utilities.
Make simple customizations to Makefile such as changing paths or adding extra include directories.
Apply parameters to a configure script.
Know where sourses are stored by default.
Compile a RPM oder DPKG software package using sources.


The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:RPM and DPKG commands
/usr/src/
gunzip
gzip
bzip2
tar
configure
make


1.102.4 Manage shared libraries

Weight: 3

Description: Candidates should be able to determine the shared libraries that executable programs depend on and install them when necessary.

Key knowledge area(s):Identify shared libraries.
Identify the typical locations of system libraries.
Load shared libraries.


The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:ldd
ldconfig
/etc/ld.so.conf
LD_LIBRARY_PATH


1.102.5 Use Debian package management

Weight: 8

Description: Candidates should be able to perform package management using the Debian package tools.

Key knowledge area(s):Install, upgrade and uninstall Debian binary packages.
Find packages containing specific files or libraries which may or may not be installed.
Obtain package information like version, content, dependencies, package integrity and installation status (whether or not the package is installed).


The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:unpack
configure
/etc/dpkg/dpkg.cfg
/var/lib/dpkg/*
/etc/apt/apt.conf
/etc/apt/sources.list
dpkg
dselect
dpkg-reconfigure
apt-get
alien


1.102.6 Use Red Hat Package Manager (RPM)

Weight: 8

Description: Candidates should be able to perform package management using RPM based tools.

Key knowledge area(s):Install, re-install, upgrade and remove RPM packages.
Obtain information on RPM packages such as version, status, dependencies, integrity and signatures.
Determine what files a package provides, as well as find which package a specific file comes from.


The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:/etc/rpmrc
/usr/lib/rpm/*
rpm
grep



Topic: 103 GNU & Unix Commands
1.103.1 Work on the command line

Weight: 5

Description: Candidates should be able to interact with shells and commands using the command line. The objective assumes the bash shell.

Key knowledge area(s):Use single shell commands and one line command sequences to perform basic tasks on the command line.
Use and modify the shell environment including defining, referencing and exporting environment variables.
Use and edit command history.
Invoke commands inside and outside the defined path.
Use commands recursively through a directory tree.


The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:.
bash
echo
env
exec
export
pwd
set
unset
~/.bash_history
~/.profile


1.103.2 Process text streams using filters

Weight: 6

Description: Candidates should should be able to apply filters to text streams.

Key knowledge area(s):Send text files and output streams through text utility filters to modify the output using standard UNIX commands found in the GNU textutils package.


The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:cat
cut
expand
fmt
head
hexdump
join
nl
paste
pr
sed
sort
split
tac
tail
tr
unexpand
uniq
wc



1.103.3 Perform basic file management

Weight: 3

Description: Candidates should be able to use the basic Linux commands to manage files and directories.

Key knowledge area(s):Copy, move and remove files and directories individually.
Copy multiple files and directories recursively.
Remove files and directories recursively.
Use simple and advanced wildcard specifications in commands.
Using find to locate and act on files based on type, size, or time.


The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:cp
find
mkdir
mv
ls
rm
rmdir
touch
file globbing



1.103.4 Use streams, pipes and redirects

Weight: 5

Description: Candidates should be able to redirect streams and connect them in order to efficiently process textual data. Tasks include redirecting standard input, standard output and standard error, piping the output of one command to the input of another command, using the output of one command as arguments to another command and sending output to both stdout and a file.

Key knowledge area(s):Redirecting standard input, standard output and standard error.
Pipe the output of one command to the input of another command.
Use the output of one command as arguments to another command.
Send output to both stdout and a file.


The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:tee
xargs
<
<<
>
>>
|
` ` (back ticks)



1.103.5 Create, monitor and kill processes

Weight: 5

Description: Candidates should be able to perform basic process management.

Key knowledge area(s):Run jobs in the foreground and background.
Start a process that will run without being associated to a terminal.
Signal a program to continue running after logout.
Monitor active processes.
Select and sort processes for display.
Send signals to processes.
Kill processes including processes that did not terminate correctly after an X session has closed


The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:&
bg
fg
jobs
kill
nohup
ps
top
killall


1.103.6 Modify process execution priorities

Weight: 3

Description: Candidates should should be able to manage process execution priorities.

Key knowledge area(s):Know the default priority of a job that is created.
Run a program with higher or lower priority than the default..
Change the priority of a running process.


The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:nice
ps
renice
top


1.103.7 Search text files using regular expressions

Weight: 3

Description: Candidates should be able to manipulate files and text data using regular expressions. This objective includes creating simple regular expressions containing several notational elements. It also includes using regular expression tools to perform searches through a filesystem or file content.

Key knowledge area(s):Create simple regular expressions containing several notational elements.
Use regular expression tools to perform searches through a filesystem or file content.


The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:grep
sed



1.103.8 Perform basic file editing operations using vi

Weight: 1

Description: Candidates should be able to edit text files using vi. This objective includes vi navigation, basic vi modes, inserting, editing, deleting, copying and finding text.

Key knowledge area(s):Navigate a document using vi.
Use basic vi modes (Command, Insert, Replace).
Insert, edit, delete, copy and find text.


The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:vi
/, ?
h,j,k,l
G, H, L
i, c, d, dd, p, o, a
ZZ, :w!, :q!, :e!
:!



Topic 104: Devices, Linux Filesystems, Filesystem Hierarchy Standard
1.104.1 Create partitions and filesystems

Weight: 3

Description: Candidates should be able to configure disk partitions and then create filesystems on media such as hard disks. This includes the handling of swap partitions.

Key knowledge area(s):Use various mkfs commands to set up partitions and create various filesystems, including ext2, ext3, reiserfs, vfat and xfs.


The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:fdisk
mkfs
mkswap


1.104.2 Maintain the integrity of filesystems

Weight: 3

Description: Candidates should be able to maintain a standard filesystem, as well as the extra data associated with a journaling filesystem.

Key knowledge area(s):Verify the integrity of filesystems.
Monitor free space and inodes.
Repair simple filesystem problems.


The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:du
df
fsck
e2fsck
mke2fs
debugfs
dumpe2fs
tune2fs


1.104.3 Control mounting and unmounting filesystems

Weight: 3

Description: Candidates should be able to configure the mounting of a filesystem.

Key knowledge area(s):Manually mount and unmount filesystems.
Configure filesystem mounting on bootup.
Configure user mountable removeable filesystems such as tape drives, floppies and CDROMs.


The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:/etc/fstab
mount
umount


1.104.4 Managing disk quota

Weight: 3

Description: Candidates should be able to manage disk quotas for users.

Key knowledge area(s):Set up a disk quota for a filesystem.
Edit, check and generate user quota reports.


The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:quota
edquota
repquota
quotaon


1.104.5 Use file permissions to control access to files

Weight: 5

Description: Candidates should be able to control file access through the proper use of permissions.

Key knowledge area(s):Manage access permissions on regular and special files as well as directories.
Use access modes such as suid, sgid and the sticky bit to maintain security.
Use the group field to grant file access to workgroups.
Basic knowledge of ACL.
Know how to change the default file creation mode of the shell.


The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:chmod
umask
chattr (where applicable)


1.104.6 Manage file ownership

Weight: 1

Description: Candidates should be able to control user and group ownership of files. This objective includes the ability to change the user and group owner of a file as well as the default group owner for new files.

Key knowledge area(s):Manage access permissions on regular and special files as well as directories.
Use the group field to grant file access to workgroups.


The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:chmod
chown
chgrp


1.104.7 Create and change hard and symbolic links

Weight: 1

Description: Candidates should be able to create and manage hard and symbolic links to a file.

Key knowledge area(s):Create links.
Identify hard and/or softlinks.
Copying versus linking files.
Use links to support system administration tasks.


The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:ln


1.104.8 Find system files and place files in the correct location

Weight: 5

Description: Candidates should be thouroughly familiar with the Filesystem Hierarchy Standard (FHS), including typical file locations and directory classifications.

Key knowledge area(s):Understand the correct locations of files under the FHS.
Find files and commands on a Linux system.
Know the location and propose of impotant file and directories as defind in the FHS.


The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:find
locate
slocate
updatedb
whereis
which
/etc/updatedb.conf



Topic 110: The X Window System
1.110.1 Install & Configure X11

Weight: 5
Description: Candidates should be able to install and configure X and an X font server.

Key knowledge area(s):Verify that the video card and monitor are supported by an X server.
Customize and tune X for the videocard and monitor.
Install and configure an X font server.
Install fonts.
Manually edit the X Window configuration file.


The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:xorgcfg
xorgconfig
/etc/X11/xorg.conf XF86Setup
xf86config
xvidtune
/etc/X11/XF86Config
.Xresources


1.110.2 Setup a display manager

Weight: 3
Description: Candidates should be able setup and customize a display manager. This objective covers the display managers XDM (X Display Manger), GDM (Gnome Display Manager) and KDM (KDE Display Manager).

Key knowledge area(s):Turn the display manager on or off.
Change the display manager greeting.
Change default color depth for the display manager.
Configure display managers for use by X-stations.


The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:/etc/inittab
/etc/X11/xdm/*
/etc/X11/kdm/*
/etc/X11/gdm/*


1.110.4 Install & Customize a Window Manager Environment

Weight: 5
Description: Candidates should be able to customize a system-wide desktop environment and/or window manager.

Key knowledge area(s):Demonstrate an understanding of customization procedures for window manager menus and/or desktop panel menus.
Select and configuring the desired x-terminal (xterm, rxvt, aterm etc.).
Verify and resolve library dependency issues for X applications.
Export the X-display to a client workstation.


The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:.xinitrc
.Xdefaults
xhost
DISPLAY environment variable


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